What are ovarian cysts?
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs in or on the ovaries. Most are harmless and present no symptoms. However, some cysts, especially those that have ruptured, can produce serious symptoms.
What are the symptoms?
- Pressure, swelling or pain in the abdomen
- Pelvic pain
- Dull ache in the lower back and thighs
- Problems passing urine completely
- Pain during intercourse
- Weight gain
- Pain during your period
- Abnormal bleeding
- Nausea or vomiting
- Breast tenderness
What treatment options are available?
- Laparoscopy. A minor surgical procedure in which a laparoscope, a thin tube with a lens and a light, is inserted into an incision in the abdominal wall. Using the laparoscope to see into the pelvic area, the doctor can often remove the cyst. This treatment is performed if the cyst is small and appears benign (noncancerous) on the ultrasound.
- Laparotomy. A more extensive surgery involving a larger cut in the abdomen to remove the cyst. This treatment is performed if the cyst is large and may be cancerous. Once removed, the cyst will be tested for cancer. If it is cancerous, the doctor may need to take out the ovary and other tissue, like the uterus. If only one ovary is taken out, your body is still fertile and can still produce estrogen.