Stroke Treatment and Technology
What treatment options are available?
Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA)
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is a medication given intravenously to people with ischemic stroke, to quickly dissolve blood clots and restore blood flow to the brain. This treatment works best if given in the first three hours following the onset of symptoms. While the medicine can prevent disability after a stroke, it does not decrease the chance of a future stroke.
Solitaire Clot Removal
Solitaire™ FR Revascularization Device is a mechanical device combining the ability to restore blood flow, administer medical therapy, and retrieve a clot using only a single device. This treatment option is used for patients experiencing acute ischemic stroke within six to eight hours of symptom onset.
Electrical Stimulation Technology
The Bioness H200 is a state-of-the-art neuroprosthetic and rehabilitation system designed to increase functional use of the hand and minimize impairments and complications associated with central nervous system injuries such as stroke, brain injury and spinal cord injury. The device is worn on the forearm and, utilizing computer controlled electrical stimulation, is designed to help individuals regain control and movement of the muscles in their arms and hands.
The Bioness L300 is an innovative wireless electrical stimulation system designed to assist individuals who have foot and ankle weakness or movement control problems from a central nervous system injury such as stroke or brain injury. The system stimulates the muscles lifting the foot at the proper time in the walking sequence. This may reduce the need for rigid braces and reduce walking deviations used to compensate for poor ankle control.
The Functional Electrical Stimulation bike is used for individuals with a variety of diagnoses including spinal cord injuries, stroke, brain injury and multiple sclerosis who have decreased movement in their trunk and extremities. Electrodes focus graded amounts of electrical stimulation to assist the muscle contraction to propel the stationary bike. Virtual displays provide motivation and help encourage symmetrical movement of the arms and legs.
Stroke rehabilitation can help you recover from the effects of stroke and relearn skills and new ways to perform tasks. Rehabilitation depends on many variables, including the following:
- Cause, location, and severity of stroke
- Type and degree of any impairments and disabilities from the stroke
- Overall health of the patient
- Family support
Rehabilitation of the patient with a stroke begins during the acute treatment phase. As the patient's condition improves, a more extensive rehabilitation program is often begun.
The goal of stroke rehabilitation is to help the patient return to the highest level of function and independence possible, while improving the overall quality of life--physically, emotionally, and socially. Rehabilitation is designed to meet each person's specific needs; therefore, each program is different. Some general treatment components for stroke rehabilitation programs include the following:
- Treating the basic disease and preventing complications
- Treating the disability and improving function
- Providing adaptive tools and altering the environment
- Teaching the patient and family and helping them adapt to lifestyle changes
Stroke rehabilitation works best when the patient, family, and rehabilitation staff works together as a team. Family members must learn about impairments and disabilities caused by the stroke and how to help the patient achieve optimal function again.
Learn more about Stroke Rehabilitation at Baptist Health.
What are the patient outcomes?
The best advocates for the care you can expect from Baptist Health are the patients themselves. Hear this patient's success story.
John Scharf, Stroke Survivor (2:15)
With no warning, John had a stroke at a restaurant. Lucky for him, a physician was there. Hear his story.