Men's Health

Testicular Cancer

What is testicular cancer?

Testicular cancer is the most common form of cancer in men 15 to 34 years old. The National Cancer Institute advises men to begin monthly testicular self-examination at an early age, usually 15 to 34 years of age, to check both testicles for changes in size, shape or consistency. Any abnormalities should be reported to your physician. Physicians should perform a more detailed examination every one to two years. Testicular cancer is highly treatable, even when cancer has spread beyond the testicle.

What are the symptoms?

  • Swelling and hardening of a testicle
  • Change in the testicle’s shape or size
  • Dull ache in the abdomen or groin

What treatment options are available?


Surgery to remove your testicle (radical inguinal orchiectomy) is the primary treatment for nearly all stages and types of testicular cancer.

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells. In testicular cancer, radiation is mainly used to kill cancer cells that have spread to lymph nodes.


Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs can be taken in pill form or intravenously. Once in the bloodstream, the drugs travel throughout your body to kill cancer cells that may have migrated from the original tumor.