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What is kidney cancer?
Most cancers are named after the part of the body where the cancer first begins, and kidney cancer is no exception. Kidney cancer begins in the kidneys -- two large, bean-shaped organs -- one located to the left and the other to the right of the backbone. Kidney cancer may also be referred to as renal cancer.
What are the symptoms?
Blood in the urine
Loss of appetite and rapid, unexplained weight loss
Low back pain not caused by an injury
Swelling of ankles and legs
Mass or lump on the side or lower back
Recurrent fever not caused by a cold or the flu
What treatment options are available?
- Radical nephrectomy - The whole kidney is removed along with the adrenal gland, tissue around the kidney and, sometimes, lymph nodes in the area.
- Simple nephrectomy - Only the kidney is removed.
- Partial nephrectomy - Only the part of the kidney that contains the tumor is removed.